Kamptal gets its name from the river Kamp, that flows directly through it, and is also home to Austria's largest wine-producing town, Langenlois. With a vineyard area of 3,907 hectares, Kamptal is one of the most successful wine regions in Austria, and boasts a high proportion of outstanding, quality wine producers. Culture and tourism also play a significant role and effective from the 2008 vintage, the Kamptal DAC defines wines made from Grüner Veltliner or Riesling in two styles, a classic-styled medium-bodied wine and a rich, opulent dry Reserve style.
Kamptal boasts a variety of terroir, ranging from loess to gravel to crystalline sites and red feldspathic sandstones and conglomerates, as on the highly regarded Heiligenstein. The name derives from the blazing sunshine that cause a hot and dry microclimate. The geological development of the rock is rather special, is between 320 and 250 million year olds, formed desert-like conditions as a flashflood deposit and includes volcanic particles.
Along the steep terraces of the south-facing slopes, that in places are so steep that no layers of loess can form a hold, Riesling vines are planted, producing powerful, mineral wines with exceptional aging potential. Moving southwards towards the Danube, there is a change in the soil structure to wider loess and loam terraces as offering the perfect conditions for traditional, but also full-bodied Grüner Veltiner, as well as the red and white Pinot varieties and Zweigelt. These wines are marketed under the designation of "Niederösterreich".
Kamptal has the effects of the hot, Pannonian plain heat from the east and the cooler Waldviertel region towards the north west. The fine, delicate aromatics and retained naturally vibrant acidity in the grapes, is due to this unique combination of warm days and cool nights.
A must-visit attraction for wine enthusiasts is the "Loisium" wine experience, with its futuristic visitors' centre overground, leading to an underground labyrinth of several hundred year old wine cellars with a light and sound wine experience. Other important wine-growing towns within a short distance of Langenlois are Schiltern, Gobelsburg, Haindorf and Zöbing, and the important wine commune of Straß im Straßertale. Smaller wine villages include Etsdorf, Hadersdorf, Kammern, Lengenfeld and Schönberg.