In Vienna, the tradition of planting different and complementary grape varieties together in a vineyard – then harvesting and fermenting them together as well – has survived to the present day as Gemischter Satz. Thanks to the dynamic efforts of ambitious winegrowers, this traditional rarity has grown in stature and recognition to become the calling card of viticulture in Austria’s capital city.
For the traditional wines of Wiener Gemischter Satz - the planting of different grape varieties together in one vineyard - a unique style profile has been developed; a style that reflects the wine's origin-typical aromas and flavours. The regulation for the Wiener Gemischter Satz DAC requires that at least three white quality wine varieties must be planted together in one vineyard that is listed in the Viennese vineyard register as Wiener Gemischter Satz. The highest portion of one grape variety must be no more than 50%; the third highest portion must be at least 10%. Wines without vineyard indication must be dry and without any prominent wood flavour. The Wiener Gemischter Satz DAC can be marketed with an indication of vineyard site also. Single vineyard wines do not necessarily have to correspond with the “dry” taste indication, and they cannot be released for sale prior to March 1st of the year following the harvest.
Wine growing in a metropolis? In most cases, this simply means show-vineyards used as a tourist attraction. But Vienna is completely different! There are 637 hectares of vineyards in the Austrian capital, and not only do they play an important role in the economy, but they also serve in the preservation of the green belt and are the basis for high wine quality.
Even in the late Middle Ages, grapevines were growing inside Vienna's city walls – which is today's first district. Now, the main focus of wine growing is in the city's outskirts, where differences in terroir become apparent especially through the mixtures of varieties that are planted in the different areas. For the Wiener Gemischter Satz from the vineyard sites on the Bisamberg, north of the Danube river – these are managed by winemakers from the suburbs of Strebersdorf, Stammersdorf and Jedlersdorf – the Burgundy grape varieties are prevalent. From Ottakring and Hernals to Pötzleinsdorf and, especially the 19th district suburbs of Heiligenstadt, Nussdorf, Grinzing, Sievering and Neustift am Walde, the soils are for the most part highly calcareous – which is optimal not only for Grüner Veltliner, but also for the traditionally higher share of Riesling. In the south of Vienna – the suburbs of Mauer, Rodaun and Oberlaa – there are black earth soils that tend to impart more body and power to here more strongly represented red wines as well as to the Wiener Gemischter Satz.
The Wiener Gemischter Satz is nearly always associated with a hearty Heurigen snack. In fact, that's practically a given, because the fresh, classic version of the wine can still inspire rustic traditions, from cold cut platters to Schinkenfleckerl (diced pasta and ham), Fleischlaberl (meat burger) and crispy roast pork. But the premium wines from top wineries have enough elegance for fine star cuisine as well as Asian and Mediterranean classics.
Wiener Gemischter Satz DAC
(from 2013 vintage)
Grape Variety: Gemischter Satz: The grapes must grow in a Viennese vineyard planted with at least three quality white varieties, and must be harvested and pressed together; the biggest portion of a single grape variety must be no more than 50%; the third largest portion must be at least 10%.
without single vineyard/cru site: without a smaller geographical indication than Vienna; earliest release date: from 1 December in the year of the harvest
with single vineyard/cru site: with a smaller geographical indication than Vienna; earliest release date: from 1 March in the year following the harvest
without single vineyard/cru site: max. 12.5 % vol.
with single vineyard/cru site: min. 12.5 % vol.
- without single vineyard/cru site: no noticeable flavour of oak
- with single vineyard/cru site: /
Labelling: Designation of Origin (incl. "DAC") has to be declared on the front label.