Mutation of the variety Blauburgunder
312.74 ha; 0.7%
Pinot Gris was probably brought from Burgundy to Austria by Cistercian monks back in the 13th or 14th century – which is why the variety was once referred to as “Grauer Mönch” (grey monk).
he grape made its way to Germany from Burgundy or the Champagne region and in 1711, it was found in a vineyard – which no longer exists – by the tradesman Johann Seger Ruland from Speyer (Palatinate). From here, the variety spread, referred to as “Ruländer”.
Important ampelographic features
pentagonal, three to five lobes, slightly overlapping petiole
small, densely berried, cylindrical, occasionally shouldered; berries are small, round, greyish-red in colour and thin-skinned.
Before the grapes ripen, it is difficult to differentiate this variety from Pinot Noir and Pinot Blanc. It can only be differentiated by the colour of the grapes and the time of ripening.
This variety achieves a high natural sugar content and is, therefore, well-suited for Spätlese and Auslese wines.
These vines are demanding and prefer warm, hillside vineyards with a nutrient-rich soil, where they can root deeply and enjoy a good supply of water.
Area under vine in Austria
(as a proportion of the variety’s total area)
Characteristics of the wine
Yields mild Qualitätswein and Prädikatswein with a very dependable, delicate bouquet. A very early harvest produces light and zesty wines. As it is susceptible to botrytis – which develops to noble rot when it appears later in the season – Pinot Gris often exhibits a strong aroma with a characteristic note of honey attributed to the botrytis. High quality can be achieved as a result of ageing.
Source varietal specifications: Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau (Federal College and Federal Office for Viticulture, Oenology and Fruit Growing) in Klosterneuburg, “Austria’s Qualitätswein grape varieties and their clones“ („Österreichische Qualitätsweinrebsorten und deren Klone“), 2nd, reviewed edition, September 2015
Source area under vine: Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism according to IACS (as at 31 May 2022)