This is a very old variety that dates back to the ancient world and comes from around the Mediterranean region. This true globetrotter is the lively and spicy representative of the enlarged Muscat family.
This is one of the oldest grape varieties in the world, of which there are numerous different types – especially in Italy. Roter (red) Muskateller and Gelber (yellow) Muskateller are differentiated by the colour of their berries.
Since the end of the 20th century, increasing numbers of this vine have been planted and the variety has achieved greater market significance. Between 1999 and 2020, the area under this variety increased considerably.
Important ampelographic features
medium-sized, five lobes, deeply sinuated, sharp pointed teeth with nodules at the tips
medium-sized, loose to densely berried, cone-shaped; berries are round, greenish-yellow (Gelber Muskateller) or flesh-red (Roter Muskateller) in colour, with a muscat flavour
Significance & conditions
Muskateller gained popularity with consumers towards the end of the 20th century, since when increasing numbers of this vine have been planted across all wine-growing regions. The variety is not very demanding in terms of soil, which is an advantage for winegrowers. It can be a challenge in vineyards, however, as it is susceptible to rot and its yield is unpredictable due to the variety’s sensitivity during flowering. It also has the disadvantage of needing warm, airy vineyard sites, and being highly susceptible to oidium and botrytis.
Area under vine in Austria
(as a proportion of the variety’s total area)
Source varietal specifications: Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau (Federal College and Federal Office for Viticulture, Oenology and Fruit Growing) in Klosterneuburg, “Austria’s Qualitätswein grape varieties and their clones“ („Österreichische Qualitätsweinrebsorten und deren Klone“), 2nd, reviewed edition, September 2015
Source area under vine: Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism according to IACS (as at 31 May 2022)