This is a very old variety that dates back to the ancient world and comes from around the Mediterranean region. This true globetrotter is the lively and spicy representative of the enlarged Muscat family.




one of the oldest grape varieties

Vineyard area

1,397.41 ha; 3.1%

A picture shows grapes of the grape variety Gelber Muskateller
© Austrian Wine / Oberleitner

Origin: Unknown, but possibly from Italy or Greece

Parentage: It is one of the oldest grape varieties and yields different types, especially in Italy. Roter (Red) and Gelber (Yellow) Muscat are differentiated by the colour of their berries.

Vineyard area: Since the end of the last century, this variety has been planted more and more, and has increasing market significance.

Important ampelographic features
Leaf: medium-sized, five lobes, deeply serrated, with sharp pointed teeth and nodules at the tips
Grape cluster: medium, loose to dense round berries, conical, greenish yellow (Gelber Muskateller) or raw-meat red (Roter Muskateller) in colour; nutmeg flavour

Ripening time: late

Significance, conditions: Gained popularity with consumers especially at the end of the last century and since then, plantings in all winegrowing regions have increased. The variety makes little demands on the soil, which is an advantage to winegrowers. But in the vineyard, it can be difficult and challenging. It is rot-prone and its yield is unpredictable because of  a sensitive flowering phase. Also, it needs warm, airy sites; the variety is  highly susceptible to oidium and Botrytis.

Wine: Delivers wines with a more or less intense nutmeg aroma and flavour. With too little ripeness, the wines are low in extract and therefore thin and with intrusive acidity. The Muskateller is especially delicious as an apéritif and with appetizers.


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