This is a very old variety that dates back to the ancient world and comes from around the Mediterranean region. This true globetrotter is the lively and spicy representative of the enlarged Muscat family.
Origin: Unknown, but possibly from Italy or Greece
Vineyard area: Since the end of the last century, this variety has been planted more and more, and has increasing market significance. Between 1999 and 2015, its vineyard coverage increased from 143 ha to 864 ha.
Important ampelographic features
Leaf: medium-sized, five lobes, deeply serrated, with sharp pointed teeth and nodules at the tips
Grape cluster: medium, loose to dense round berries, conical, greenish yellow (Gelber Muskateller) or raw-meat red (Roter Muskateller) in colour; nutmeg flavour
Ripening time: late
Significance, conditions: Gained popularity with consumers especially at the end of the last century and since then, plantings in all winegrowing regions have increased. The variety makes little demands on the soil, which is an advantage to winegrowers. But in the vineyard, it can be difficult and challenging. It is rot-prone and its yield is unpredictable because of a sensitive flowering phase. Also, it needs warm, airy sites; the variety is highly susceptible to oidium and Botrytis.
Wine: Delivers wines with a more or less intense nutmeg aroma and flavour. With too little ripeness, the wines are low in extract and therefore thin and with intrusive acidity. The Muskateller is especially delicious as an apéritif and with appetizers.