The Muskat-Ottonel is a more recent addition to the ancient Muscat family, and was cultivated from a seedling in France, and is thought to be a crossing of Chasselas and an undetermined Muscat variety.

Origin

France, Angers

Parentage

New breed from Gutedel (Chasselas) x Muskat de Saumur

Vineyard area

318.96 ha; 0.7%

Parentage

New crossing between Gutedel (Chasselas) and Muscat de Saumur, created in 1839 by Jean Moreau, a private vine breeder in Angers.

Vineyard area

Grown mainly around Lake Neusiedl in Burgenland. The area under this variety remains relatively constant.

A picture shows grapes of the grape variety Muskat Ottonel.
© Austrian Wine / Oberleithner

Important ampelographic features

Leaf

small, pentagonal, five lobes, deeply sinuated

Grape cluster

small to medium, densely berried, cylindrical, usually with nosecondary clusters; berries are round-to-oval, greenish-yellow in colour, with flesh that has a delicate muscat flavour.

Ripening

Ripening

very early
early
early to middle
middle
middle to late
late
very late

Significance & conditions

Is a significant variety in Burgenland.
For winegrowers, however, Scheurebe can prove challenging in the vineyard. It is very demanding in terms of location (warm, sheltered from the wind) and soil (good supply of water and nutrients). During flowering, it is particularly sensitive, often resulting in low, irregular yields. It can only tolerate a low lime content in the soil and is especially prone to chlorosis when the weather is cool and wet.

Area under vine in Austria
(as a proportion of the variety’s total area)

Click on the wine origin in the list for a breakdown into more specific regions of origin.

Total area in Austria:

 A picture shows a hand holding a glass of white wine.
© Austrian Wine / Blickwerk Fotografie

Characteristics of the wine

Depending on ripeness, can yield full-bodied yet mild wines with a delicate muscat flavour. Extremely ripe grapes can produce mild, very smooth Prädikatswein, which pairs excellently with sweet dishes.

Link

New Crossings

Source varietal specifications: Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau (Federal College and Federal Office for Viticulture, Oenology and Fruit Growing) in Klosterneuburg, “Austria’s Qualitätswein grape varieties and their clones“ („Österreichische Qualitätsweinrebsorten und deren Klone“), 2nd, reviewed edition, September 2015

Source area under vine: Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism according to IACS (as at 31 May 2022)

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