This very old variety is a crossing of Roter Veltliner x Sylvaner, and is regarded as being typically Austrian. In recent years, it has lost significance, and is mostly sold as table grapes, as a young wine, or as a simple house wine, particularly in the Thermenregion, Weinviertel and Wagram.

Origin

probably Niederösterreich, Austria

Parentage

Natural crossing of Roter Veltliner x Sylvaner

Vineyard area

244.16 ha; 0.5%

Vineyard area

This old, autochthonous grape variety is widely grown in Niederösterreich, the Weinviertel and in Wagram. The area under this variety continuously decreased between 1999 and 2020.

A picture shows grapes of the grape variety Fruehroter Veltliner
© Austrian Wine / Oberleithner

Important ampelographic features

Leaf

cuneiform to pentagonal, three to five lobes, main leaf vein is red up to where is branches, slightly open petiole.


Grape cluster

large, densely berried, cylindrical, shouldered; berries are elliptic, reddish-coloured, with a neutral flavour

Ripening

Ripening

very early
early
early to middle
middle
middle to late
late
very late

Significance & conditions

The significance of Frühroter Veltliner is decreasing. It is marketed mainly as a table grape, as an en primeur wine (still maturing in the barrel) or a table wine by the glass – especially in the Thermenregion, the Weinviertel and Wagram. The variety is not demanding in terms of soil and location.

Area under vine in Austria
(as a proportion of the variety’s total area)

Click on the wine origin in the list for a breakdown into more specific regions of origin.

Total area in Austria:

A picture shows a hand holding a glass of white wine.
© Austrian Wine / Blickwerk Fotografie

Characteristics of the wine

The early-drinking wines that are relatively low in acidity are also low in alcohol and usually present a bouquet somewhat evocative of flowers and bitter almonds.

Link

Indigenous Varieties
 

Source varietal specifications: Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau (Federal College and Federal Office for Viticulture, Oenology and Fruit Growing) in Klosterneuburg, “Austria’s Qualitätswein grape varieties and their clones“ („Österreichische Qualitätsweinrebsorten und deren Klone“), 2nd, reviewed edition, September 2015

Source area under vine: Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism according to IACS (as at 31 May 2022)

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