The Blaufränkisch is a thoroughly central European variety. This traditional Austrian variety is probably a cross between Sbulzina and Weißer Heunisch. Blaufränkisch was previously widely-planted throughout the Habsburg Monachy, and is the most important variety in Mittelburgenland, called Blaufränkischland.




probably crossing between Sbulzina x Weißer Heunisch

Vineyard area

2,632.18 ha; 5.9%


This variety was first documented in the 18th century in Austria. At that time, in what was then Germany, it had the name of Lemberger or Limberger, which was derived from the town of Limberg – today Maissau – in Niederösterreich. In Hungary known as Kékfrankos.


This traditional Austrian variety was used as a crossing partner for Austrian new breeds like Zweigelt, Blauburger, Roesler and Rathay. Even breeding stations abroad used the variety for crossings.

Vineyard area

An autochthone variety, Blaufränkisch is found especially in the wine-growing regions of northern, middle and southern  Burgenland as well as in eastern Niederösterreich.

A picture shows grapes from the grape variety Blaufränkisch
© Austrian Wine / Oberleitner

Important ampelographic features


large; five lobes; coarse teeth

Grape cluster

large, conical and V-shaped; moderately compact; round blueish-black grapes


Significance, conditions

It is the leading variety in Eisenberg and Mittelburgenland (‘Blaufränkischland’) as well as in Leithaberg and of great significance also in Carnuntum. The variety is highly demanding of its vineyard site. Coulure easily occurs if the weather is cool during the flowering period.




very early
early to middle
middle to late
very late
[Translate to English:] Das Bild zeigt ein Glas Rotwein.
© © ÖWM / Blickwerk Fotografie

Wine characteristics

The typical palate of this late ripening variety is characterised by deep wood berry or cherry tones, and reveals its characteristic acidity. Blaufränkisch can yield wines with dense structure and prominent tannins. The wines are often impetuous in their youth, but develop velvety facets when sufficiently ripe. Fuller, stronger versions have good ageing potential.



Autochtonous Varieties


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