Glossary

The language of wine contains a wealth of meanings that are not all too familiar, particularly the technical interpretations. The glossary describes and offers an explanation to the most common terms.

Wachau
winegrowing region

The narrow Danube valley between Melk and Krems is also a World Heritage Site. The 1,350 hectares of vineyards - mostly on steep terraces - feature mainly Grüner Veltliner and Riesling. Read more

Wagram
winegrowing region

This loess-rich winegrowing region, with approx. 2,450 hectares, is divided into two zones. North of the Danube, the Wagram is the mecca of loess vineyards ideally suited for refined Grünen Veltliners. Read more

Wagramer Selektion
the name of a Vintner Association

Quality-orientated association and brand association in Wagram, as well as being the members' own seal of approval for their best wine produced to strict criteria.

Weingut (Wine Estate, Winery)

The term »Weingut« (wine estate) is reserved for establishments that exclusively process grapes from their own vineyards, or grapes from parcels under management contracts, provided that the area of these does not exceed the area under vines in direct possession.

Weingüter Wagram
the name of a Vintner Association

Winemakers' association in the winegrowing region of Wagram that focus on the leading Grüner Veltliner and speciality Roter Veltliner varieties. The best Grüner Veltiner produced by each wine estate is known as the WW1.

Weinland

Refers to the winegrowing region that include the Federal states of Niederösterreich, Burgenland and Wien  (Lower Austria, Burgenland and Vienna respectively).

Weinviertel
winegrowing region

The Weinviertel is Austria’s largest specified winegrowing region. It has a wide range of grape varieties. But its main ingredient for success is Grüner Veltliner, especially when it reveals its typical “peppery” character. Read more

Weinviertel DAC

The regional typical Grüner Veltliner from the Weinviertel was the first winegrowing region to take the DAC designation, effective from the 2002 vintage. From the 2009 vintage, alongside the Klassik category, there is also the Reserve category.

Weißburgunder
a Pinot grape variety

Refers to the youngest member of the extensive, old Pinot varieties, that is also widespread all over the world. The classic style of wines aged in steel tank are aromatic, delicate and elegant on the palate, with its soft fruit, a touch of herbaceousness and nutty spice, make outstanding companions to food. The international style of Pinot blanc, with malolactic fermentation and oak barrel maturation, is convincing with its opulence and length, as are Pinot blanc wines that are blended with other pinot varieties.

Weißgipfler

an old, rarely used synonym for Grüner Veltliner

Welschriesling
white wine variety

The Welschriesling is a very versatile, diverse variety. From the base wine for sparkling wines from the northern Weinviertel, to dry, lively young wines (e.g. in the Steiermark), to the high quality, nobly sweet Trockenbeerenauslese wines from Burgenland. The vibrant, drinking wines have dominant citrus and apple notes, over delicate spice; and the high quality sweet wines beguile with soft, creamy aromas and perfect balance of acidity and noble sweetness.

Weststeiermark
winegrowing region

In the romantic Weststeiermark approx. 500 hectares vine are dedicated to the Blauer Wildbacher variety, from which one of the most unique terroir wines is produced: SchilcherRead more

Weststeiermark DAC

In 2018, a three-tier DAC system was implemented in the winegrowing region of Weststeiermark, featuring Gebietswein (regional wine), Ortswein (local or "villages" wine) and Riedenwein (single-vineyard wine). The varieties Blauer Wildbacher (as Schilcher), Welschriesling, Weißburgunder, Morillon, Grauburgunder, Riesling, Gelber Muskateller, Sauvignon Blanc and Traminer form the base with the varietal range narrowing on the Ortswein and Riedenwein level. Read more

white pressed wines

If the black grapes, or red wine varieties, are pressed relatively quickly, giving a must with minimal colour and extract. The light, white-pressed wines (also known as blanc de noirs) are significant for the production of sparking wines.

white wine

Refers to the wines made from green, yellow, grey or red-tinged grapes, and the grapes spend only a short time in contact on the skins during vinification. Austria is an ideal white wine producing country, with its hot summers, warm days and cool nights.

White Wine Spritz
refreshing drink of equal measure of wine and mineral or soda water

The Gespritzter or “G´spritzter“ is a quaffable, thirst-quenching Austrian White Wine Spritz, wine mixed with an equal measure of soda or sparkling mineral water, that is particularly favoured in the warm summer months. Due to its generally low alcohol content, the Gespritzter is an ideal aperitiv or easy drinking wine to pair with food. The mixture is generally 50/50, with the Sommerg´spritzter being prepared with a larger proportion of water.

white wine spritzer

The Styrian name for a white wine spritz, or a mixture of wine and mineral water. see also G‘spritzer.

whole bunch pressing
production method

This is the most gentle form of pressing the wines, and healthy grapes are carefully pressed in a (pneumatic) press without crushing or destemming. The result is a high quality fruity must that is low in phenolics.

Wien
winegrowing region

With approx. 600 hectares of vineyards within the city limits, wine plays an important economic role in the Austrian capital. The excellent range of wines here include Grünen Veltliner and delicious red wines as well. Read more

WienWein
the name of a Vintner Association

A collaborating group of winemakers from leading Viennese producers, who are committed to continued high quality, especially for the Gemischte Satz, or field blend.