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Glossary

The language of wine contains a wealth of meanings that are not all too familiar, particularly the technical interpretations. The glossary describes and offers an explanation to the most common terms.

Kabinett
Qualitätswein (quality wine) category

Superior Qualitätswein with a natural must weight of at least 17° KMW and a maximum of 13% alcohol by volume. The maximum permitted residual sugar value is 9 g/l and chaptalization of the must or sweetening of the wine is prohibited. Otherwise, the parameters are the same as for Qualitätswein.

Kamptal
winegrowing region

Its name refers to the Kamp river. And with approx. 3,900 hectares and numerous wine estates, the Kamptal is one of Austria’s most successful areas in export markets. Read more

Kamptal DAC

The designation and marketing term for regionally typical Grüner Veltliner and Riesling that is permitted from the 2008 vintage for the Klassik (classic) and Reserve categories.

Kellerberg, cellar buildings with several storeys

In many Austrian winegrowing regions, the traditional wine cellars are situated outside of the town centres. These "villages without chimneys" can be several storeys high, and are described in Austria as the Kellerberg, or cellar hill. They are made up of a press house, the so-called "Kellerhals" and the underground tunnels, that are often an interlinked labyrinth of passageways.

Kellergasse, cellar buildings next to each other

In many Austrian winegrowing regions, the traditional wine cellars are situated outside of the town centres. These "villages without chimneys" can be several storeys high, and are described in Austria as the Kellerberg, or cellar hill. They are made up of a press house, the so-called "Kellerhals" and the underground tunnels, that are often an interlinked labyrinth of passageways.

Kellergassenfest, wine festival held in the cellars
a traditional form of wine tasting

A festival held to taste the wines, and where the cellar doors are “open“.

Klassik
Supplementary indication for Qualtätswein or Sekt g.U.

Concerning wine, the terms ‘Klassik’ or ‘Classic’ are only permitted for vintage wines with the best characteristics expressing their varietal character and origin (excluding Prädikatswein). In the case of wines with the designation ‘Weststeiermark DAC’, terms such as ‘Klassik’ or ‘Classic’ are only permitted for wines of the Gebietswein (regional wine) category bearing the traditional name »Schilcher«.

Sekt with protected designation of origin (Sekt g.U.) and Qualitätsschaumwein (quality sparkling wine) with protected designation of origin (Qualitätsschaumwein g.U.) may only be marketed in conjunction with the terms ‘Klassik’, ‘Reserve’ and ‘Grosse Reserve’, and in compliance with established criteria.

Klevner
Weißburgunder

The Weißburgunder or Pinot Blanc was sometimes called 'Klevner' in the Steiermark.

Klosterneuburg Must Weight Scale (°KMW)
a hydrometer is used to measure the sugar content of the must

The hydrometer is used to confirm the must weight (sugar content of the must). 1° KMW is equivalent to 10 gram or sugar per kilogram of must. The Klosterneuburg Must Weight Scale was invented by Baron August Wilhelm von Babo, founder of the viticultural school in Klosterneuburg. Nowadays, a refractometer is commonly used to measure the must weight.

KMW
Klosterneuburg Must Weight Scale (°KMW)
KMW must weight
The Klosterneuburg Must Weight Scale

The °KMW is the scale used in Austrian viticulture to measure the weight of the must, and is an interpretation of the sugar content and in some cases the extract of the must.

Kober
rootstock

The Kober group of rootstocks for grafted vines was created by Austrian agronomist Franz Kober, the most popular being the Kober 5BB.

Kosher wine
a wine produced according to Judaism

A wine produced according to Judaism.

Kremstal
winegrowing region

The vineyards of the Kremstal are divided into three different zones: the beautiful historic town of Krems and the rocky Kremstal valley itself. But its uniting elements are the world-class Kremstal DAC whites made from Grüner Veltliner und Riesling. Mehr lesen

Kremstal DAC

The designation and marketing term for regionally typical Grüner Veltliner and Riesling that is permitted from the 2007 vintage for the Klassik (classic) and Reserve categories.

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