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Glossary

The language of wine contains a wealth of meanings that are not all too familiar, particularly the technical interpretations. The glossary describes and offers an explanation to the most common terms.

flowering of the vine
start of fertilisation

Refers to the sexual reproduction of the vine, after which the berry fruit, or grapes begin to grow. The flowering period in Austria usually occurs in June.

Flying Winemaker
travelling winemaker and consultant

The English term for a winemaker that flies to different wineries or regions to make or consult on winemaking.

foreign taste

Unclean, not adequate taste.

fortified
(spirit) added

Wine, where brandy is added (fortified), is known as being fortified (e.g. Port).

fortified wine

The common English term for fortified wines, such as port, sherry, madeira and so on.

fortified wine
Usually sweet wines, that have a higher alcohol content following fortification.
foxy
wine aroma

Individual and unmistakeable musky aroma of native American and inter-specific hybrid wine varieties, reminiscent of wet dog and forest floor.

free run juice

Refers to must that flows from the mash without active pressing.

free run juice

The first, free run must, that flows without active pressing.

fresh

Young and lively wine, with delicate carbon dioxide and a vibrant taste.

Frizzante
sparkling wine, from the French vin pétillant

Italian description for a sparkling wine with at least 1.0 bar and a maximum of 1.5 bar (pressure).

frosty taste
wine fault

Undesired aroma of ice sweets, or lecithin, and is a wine fault when unripe grapes freeze.

fructose

Fructose (fruit sugar) and glucose (grape sugar) are both found in wine and must.

fruit

Tasting term usually referring to the primary fruit aromas in wine.

fruit sweetness

The sweetness of a wine based on high extract values and maturity is often perceived differently than analytical tests.

fruit texture
fruit taste

Often with high quality wine, there is an intense fruit taste on the palate, followed by a pleasant, textured aftertaste, that literally melts in the mouth.

fruit wine

Beverage similar to wine, made from fermented apple or pear must, and called Most in Austria.

Fruiting variety
the grape variety of a grafted vine

The fruiting variety is the vine that grows above ground and is grafted onto a rootstock variety, that is resistant to Phylloxera. The fruiting variety ultimately defines the variety and produces the fruit.

fruity

Aroma and flavours that refer to the grape or fruit variety. We differentiate between pipfruit, stone fruit, berries, citrus fruit, tropical fruit, dried fruit and cooked fruit (compote).

full of core, robust
full-bodied

Describes a full-bodied, opulent wine with supportive, balanced acidity.

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