The language of wine contains a wealth of meanings that are not all too familiar, particularly the technical interpretations. The glossary describes and offers an explanation to the most common terms.
- bag in box
packaging form for wine
Anglicised term for a wine or other beverage packaged in an inert, plastic bag and a reinforced cardboard box.
A tasting description to denote harmony, usually referring to balanced alcohol, residual sugars or acidity levels.
A tasting description for subtle aromas, that are soft and supple, reminicent of balsamic oil.
term for a 12 litre wine bottle
The Balthasar is a large format bottle capable of holding 12 litres of wine, or sixteen 75cl bottles.
- banderole, control seal
the red-white-red bottle capsule
The most visible sign of Austrian Qualitätswein (quality wine) is the red-white-red flag on the top of the bottle capsule or screwcap closure. Traditionally, this signal for quality was a paper sticker, but nowadays, it is incorporated into the capsule or screwcap design.
measurement of pressure
The measurement of pressure (1 bar = 14.5psi) in a bottle of Champagne or sparking wine.
- barrel size
capacity of an oak barrel
There are a wide range of barrel sizes used in Austria, and many traditional sizes that are hardly found any more. Producers tend to prefer the small oak barrel (225 litres) for high quality wines.
small oak barrel
The term for a small oak barrel, usually with a capacity of 225 litres, which affects the taste profile of the wine with differing grades of toasting and natural aeration. The term 'Barrique' also denotes larger barrels, such as the burgundian 300 litre. Wine matured in oak barrels are often recognisable by roasting aromas, as well as vanilla, chocolate, cocoa, coconut, leather and smoked bacon.
- Base wine
base wine for Sekt and sparkling wines
The term for a wine that has fermented dry, and is the basis for the second fermentation in the production of sparkling wines.
A tasting term depicting the aroma and taste of bitter almonds, (a wine fault caused by unsuccessful blue fining).
Austrian wine-producing region, that include all vineyard areas in the federal states of Upper Austria, Salzburg, Carinthia, Tyrol and Vorarlberg.
- biodynamic viticulture
a recognised form of organic viticulture
This refers to the specific form of organic viticulture following anthrosophist Rudolf Steiner's strict guidelines, with rigorous verification by a recognised body, for example, Demeter.
Association of organic wine producers
The association of Austrian organic wine producers.
Describes a bitter or astringent wine, often caused by the grape pips, stalks, or stress from sunshine with white wines.
- bitter taste
The Austrian diminutive form describing an unpleasant, bitter taste in wine.