The language of wine contains a wealth of meanings that are not all too familiar, particularly the technical interpretations. The glossary describes and offers an explanation to the most common terms.

drip irrigation
artificial form of watering
dry
dry (taste)

A term for sparkling wines that have a residual sugar between 17 and 35 grams per litre.

dry extract

Dry extract is a term frequently consulted as a parameter for judging the quality of wine (as sugar-free extract), and is the total sum of all extracts, less the residual, or unfermented sugar.

dry stone terraces
hand-crafted vineyard terraces, that are supported by dry-stone walls

particular to the viticulture in the Wachau, see terraces.

dry yeast

To reduce the risk of wine faults caused by yeasts, selected yeast strains, also known as cultured yeasts in a dried powder form, are frequently used to guarantee a speedy and clean fermentation.

dry, bitter taste

Mouth-clenching taste of dryness and with high phenolics and tannins (particularly red wines), and very dry with marked acidity (in white wines).

dull

Describes a wine lacking brightness and freshness.

dull

Double meaning, and on the one hand, it refers to a dull-coloured wine without reflections; and on the other hand, describes a wine with gravely insufficient acidity or a wine with excessive sulphur (very tannic, dull and uninspiring tone, perceived most on the teeth).

e / E
standard product term

EU standard or norm size for a bottle or other form of packaging, such as e 0.75 l for a standard wine bottle.

earthy
earthy taste in the wine

The general term for a wine with a noticable earthy note, either from loam or loess, but also used as a negative description for musty wines.

Eisenberg
winegrowing region

One of the smallest winegrowing regions of Burgenland has plenty to offer. Its approx. 500 hectares of vineyards yield terroir wines par excellence. Especially the Blaufränkisch from the Eisenberg DAC. Read more

Eisenberg DAC

The DAC designation for the Blaufränkisch variety from the Eisenbergwinegrowing region. The categories Klassik and Reserve are permitted effective from the 2008 vintage.

elegant
fine

Describes an elegant, fine and balanced wine.

en primeur

The practice of buying wine futures, especially with expensive or sought after wines, that are sold when they are often still maturing in the barrel.

enzyme
proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions

The enzymes catalyse chemical reactions, and all relevant enzymes occur naturally in the environment (in the grapes, the yeasts and bacteria). The enzymes may also be added to the must or wine.

erosion
natural movement of the soil affected by weather conditions

Erosion may be caused by heavy rainfall, but is also the result of strong winds and gales.

Erste Lage
Regional single vineyard site classification

The Austrian Association of Traditional Vintners (Österreichischen Traditionsweingüter) announced the classification of their single vineyard sites in 2010. The classic single vineyards (klassifizierte Lagen) and the top single vineyards (Erste Lagen) were defined. The symbol of these wines is visible on the wine label as a name and image brand, and association members within the valley of the Danube are entitled to use it (Kamptal, Kremstal, Traisental and Wagram).

Essence
concentrate

The term Essenz is used in Austria to describe the high quality, nobly sweet Essence wines, particularly Ruster Ausbruch. It gets its name from the Tokaji Eszencia.

Estate bottling
bottled by the producer

This label term confirms that the grapes used in the production of the bottled wine were grown in the winery's property-owned vineyards.

esters
chemical compunds of alcohol and wine

Chemical compunds of alcohol and acidity, that are recognisable in even the smallest of concentration. The most common ester found in wine is ethyl acetate.

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