The wine-growing regions in the area of Bergland
Wine production in Austria is not only found in the wine-growing areas of "WEINLAND" (to include Niederösterreich, Burgenland and Wien/Vienna) and "STEIRERLAND" (Steiermark), but also in every other federal state. These are included in the wine-growing area of "BERGLAND". There were once extensive vineyards throughout Bergland, and viticulture in Oberösterreich (Upper Austria) was at its golden age peak between the 14th and 16th Century. This was, however, followed by a boom of brewing, due largely to a change in the climatic changes, with less sunlight and what is now considered a mini "Ice Age", so that the wine industry in the Bergland region today gradually decreased and virtually came to a complete standstill in the 19th Century. It is therefore exciting to see the Renaissance of vineyards appearing, especially those in Kärnten (Carinthia).
Kärnten (Carinthia - 100 ha)
In the last few years, the vineyard area has risen from 32 to over 100 hectares. There are 85 registered wineries, with nearly ten being larger commercial estates. The cradle of the Carinthian wine industry is located in the district of St Veit, with the Langsee lake and Hochosterwitz castle, the Lavanttal (Lavant Valley), and around the town of Feldkirchen and the city of Klagenfurt. In 2013, three Carinthian wines received an award from the SALON Austria Wine for the first time. The target for 2020 is a cultivated area of 140 ha and an annual production of 750,000 bottles of quality wine. The beverage for all tourists to Carinthia has to become wine from Kärnten.
Oberösterreich (Upper Austria - 20 ha)
A variety of local, domestic and field names throughout the federal state prove that the wine in Oberösterreich (Upper Austria) was once a relevant economic factor. After the decline in the 19th century, it comes in federal province now back to a small renaissance. Today 25 wineries are cultivated on sunny spots of the Danube Valley, the Mach countryside, on the Linz Gaumberg hillsides, on the edge of the Eferding basin in the centre of Upper Austria, in the undulating Innviertel region and in the breezy sites of Mühlviertel. There is a total of about 20 hectares in the south of the Salzkammergut region.
Salzburg (3 ha)
The year 2001 marked the planting of first vineyards in our time in Salzburg, on the Großgmain am Untersberg mountain site. Since 2008, Frühroter Veltliner grapevines are cultivated in the Paris Lodron compound on the famous Mönchsberg mountain that overlooks the city of Salzburg. The production is about 500 bottles a year and it sells for 40 Euros a bottle, with all proceeds being donated to the Salzburg Scouts. The Benedictine Michaelbeuern monastery has also launched a wine project of 4,000 vines.
Tirol (Tyrol - 9 ha)
While the wine industry in Südtirol (South Tyrol) remains of great importance, the Winegrowers' Association of North Tyrol, with its chairman Peter Zoller, has just two dozen members today. Unfortunately, even the well-known vineyard of Zirl, famous since the 14th Century, currently remains uncultivated. Yet there are new signs of life emerging in the north Tyrolean wine-growing scene. The best-known and productive wineries are found in Haiming, Tarrenz (Imst) and Silz.
Vorarlberg (20 ha)
There was once 500 hectares of vines in the federal state of Vorarlberg; predominantly in Walgau and Rheintal (Rhine Valley). The aftermath of phylloxera combined with competition from wines from Südtirol, following the completion of the Arlberg railway, led to the demise of wine production here, save for a single vineyard in Röthis. Today, the "Association of Vine-Growers Vorarlberg" is active with almost 70 members. Its chairman Sepp Möth is a full-time winegrower with a 4.5 hectare estate and also runs a "Heuriger" wine tavern, that is incidentally the furthest west in Austria.