Sustainability in Austrian Vineyards
An overview of the different systems of sustainable viticulture in Austria.
Organic products are currently trendy, and this is also being reflected in wine production. Several producers are learning about the various methods of organic viticulture and an increasing number are switching. Yet, how does this compare with Integrated Production (IP), which is already widespread in Austria?
The popularity of certified organic wines is partially due to the fact that an ever increasing number of consumers are opting for food products, that have been produced with little or no chemical use (pesticides or chemical fertilizers).
With 22,000 organic agricultural producers – a percentage of 16% of all agricultural producers and a 20% proportion of the total cultivated land, Austria is the leading country of organic agriculture in the European Union.
In 2012, there were a total registered number of 794 certified organic wine producers in Austria, with an average vineyard area of 5.4 hectares. During the time span from 2000 to 2012, organic wine cultivation virtually raised from 762 to 4,259 hectares. In 2012, organic viticulture accounted for 9.2 percent of the total cultivated vineyard surface area in Austria.
Production forms in viticulture
Two forms of organic viticulture have, for one reason or another, developed and one differs between
Integrated Production is a form of production that also prevails and is actively supported in Austria.
Ing. Karl Bauer, Krems; Ökonomierat Dipl.-HLFL-Ing. Josef Pleil, President of the Austrian Viticulture Association; DI Victoria Loimer, from the NÖLLK in St. Pölten