Origin: Austria, Wachau. The former Neuburger memorial (now NÖ wine memorial) is a reminder of the origin of this autochthonous variety.
Parentage: Natural crossing of Roter Veltliner and Sylvaner.
Vineyard area: 497 ha, 1.1 %
The Neuburger has significance in the Wachau and the Thermenregion. Over a ten-year period (1999 - 2009) its vineyard presence decreased by 40.4%.
Important ampelographic features
Leaf: large, with three to five lobes; main nerve stem is red
Grape cluster: small to medium with very tightly compact berries; cylindrical, yellow-green grapes with thick skins, spotted and fleshy.
Ripening time: early- to mid-season
Significance, conditions: The planting of this grape is heavily decreasing. There are two reasons for this: while Neuburger delivers excellent wine quality, it still cannot really compete with Grüner Veltliner; also, it can be weakened easily by disease and the vines could die. Fortunately, though, the vines have a very strong shoot growth and prefer dry, meager sites. In deep fertile soils, couloure could occur. The variety also is highly sensitive to late frosts and winter frosts, and is somewhat prone to oidium and peronospora. It is very susceptible to Botrytis – compact grape bunches are not an advantage.
Wine: Neuburger delivers mostly robust, full yet mild wines with a neutral taste. The young versions are spicy and flowery. Later a nutty flavour develops. Very good for Qualitätswein and Prädikat wines.