Muskateller (Gelber Muskateller, Roter Muskateller)
Origin: Unknown, but possibly from Italy or Greece
Parentage: It is one of the oldest grape varieties and yields different types, especially in Italy. Roter (Red) and Gelber (Yellow) Muscat are differentiated by the colour of their berries.
Vineyard area: 527 ha, 1.1 %. Since the end of the last century, this variety has been planted more and more, and has increasing market significance. Between 1999 and 2009, its vineyard coverage increased from 143 ha to 527 ha - a 267% rise!
Important ampelographic features
Leaf: medium-sized, five lobes, deeply serrated, with sharp pointed teeth and nodules at the tips
Grape cluster: medium, loose to dense round berries, conical, greenish yellow (Yellow Muscat) or meat red (Red Muskateller) in colour; nutmeg flavour
Ripening time: late
Importance, conditions: Gained popularity with consumers especially at the end of the last century and since then, plantings in all wine-growing regions have increased. The variety makes little demands on the soil, which is an advantage to wine-growers. But in the vineyard, it can be difficult and challenging. It is rot-prone and its yield is unpredictable because of a sensitive flowering phase. Also, it needs warm, airy sites; the variety is highly susceptible to oidium and Botrytis.
Wine: Delivers wines with a more or less intense nutmeg aroma and flavour. With too little ripeness, the wines are low in extract and therefore thin and have marked acidity. The Muskateller is especially delicious as an aperitif and with appetizers.