Although the wine industry in Austria is concentrated in the two major wine-growing regions Weinland (the Danube area, Weinviertel and the Pannonian area) and Steirerland (the wine-growing areas in Styria), we also find vineyards scattered throughout the wine-growing region of Bergland (in the federal states of Carinthia, Upper Austria , Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg). The wines are characterised by the Atlantic climate and proximity to the Alps.
The naturally cooler annual average air temperature reduces the possible areas where vines are planted, with protected southern slopes or specific microclimatic warmed pockets of land being particularly favourable, and these have often been regarded as a wine-growing areas in the toponymy for centuries. Nowadays, the wine industry in this area is operated to a lesser extent, as compared for example during the Middle Ages, even if there is still a variety of local, domestic and field names that refer to the long tradition of viticulture that once thrived.
In the wake of the current global warming, viticulture is enjoying a renaissance in the Bergland area, particularly in the wine-growing region of Kärnten (Carinthia) .
The cooler, Alpine climate traditionally favours early-maturing varieties such as Chardonnay, Müller Thurgau, Frühroter Veltliner, Bouvier, Muskat Ottonel, Pinot Gris, Blauer Portugieser and Blauburger. The development of the climate now increasingly enables quality wine production in warmer sites from late-ripening varieties such as Grüner Veltliner, Riesling (e.g. in a medium sweet "German Mosel" style with residual sugar), Welschriesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat, Traminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Zweigelt and Rösler.