Climate & Soil

The origin of a wine is probably the most fundamental quality factor. The term 'terroir' has become a much discussed slogan in recent years, and opinions differ on the question of “what is terroir?”. 

A picture shows Loess
© AWMB / Komitee Kamptal

Does it mean the soil on which the vines grow? Or is the climate also a key factor? What about the type of viticulture or vinification of the wine? There doesn't seem to be a right answer.
Austria is a cool climate country.  The role of the climate is therefore quite significant, which when coupled with the soil structure in the vineyards, and a multitude of other factors, contribute to the regional terroir.